Health & Medical

Merrill, R. M. (2017). Introduction to Epidemiology. Burlington: Jones & Bartlett Learning

QUESTION 1

Jasonville is a community of 100,000 persons (of which 55% are females). During 2001, there were 1,000 deaths from all cause. All cases of tuberculosis have been found, and they total 300 (which were twice more than found in 2000). 200 of these cases were males and 100 were females. During 2001, there were 60 deaths from tuberculosis, 50 of them in males.Use this data to answer the question: The Crude Mortality rate for Jasonville is

A. 300 per 100,000

B. 60 per 1,000

C. 10 per 1,000

D.  100 per 1,000

QUESTION 2

Jasonville is a community of 100,000 persons (of which 55% are females). During 2001, there were 1,000 deaths from all cause. All cases of tuberculosis have been found, and they total 300 (which were twice more than found in 2000). 200 of these cases were males and 100 were females. During 2001, there were 60 deaths from tuberculosis, 50 of them in males.Use this data to answer the question: The proportionate mortality due to tuberculosis is

A.   20%

B.   30%

C.     6%

d.       3%

QUESTION 3

Jasonville is a community of 100,000 persons (of which 55% are females). During 2001, there were 1,000 deaths from all cause. All cases of tuberculosis have been found, and they total 300 (which were twice more than found in 2000). 200 of these cases were males and 100 were females. During 2001, there were 60 deaths from tuberculosis, 50 of them in males.Use this data to answer the question: The case fatality rate for tuberculosis is

A.    20%

b.      6%

c.        3%

d.       25%

QUESTION 4

Jasonville is a community of 100,000 persons (of which 55% are females). During 2001, there were 1,000 deaths from all cause. All cases of tuberculosis have been found, and they total 300 (which were twice more than found in 2000). 200 of these cases were males and 100 were females. During 2001, there were 60 deaths from tuberculosis, 50 of them in males.Use this data to answer the question: The cause-specific mortality rate for tuberculosis is

a.    60 per 100,000

b.     300 per 100,000

c.    200 per 1,000

d..       20%

60%

5 points   

QUESTION 5

Jasonville is a community of 100,000 persons (of which 55% are females). During 2001, there were 1,000 deaths from all cause. All cases of tuberculosis have been found, and they total 300 (which were twice more than found in 2000). 200 of these cases were males and 100 were females. During 2001, there were 60 deaths from tuberculosis, 50 of them in males.Use this data to answer: The sex – specific mortality rate for tuberculosis in males is

A.      11 per 100,000

B.       11 per 10,000

c.      111 per 10,000

d.       Cannot be calculated due to insufficient data

1.      Refer to Table 5-3 on page 99. What are possible reasons for the observed differences in death rates between those of Hispanic origin and those not of Hispanic origin?

2.      Refer to the following estimated statistics for the US and Malaysia in 2005:

US:

Crude mortality rate = 800 per 100,000

 Crude birth rate = 14 per 1,000

 Life expectancy = 77.7 years

Malaysia:

Crude mortality rate = 500 per 100,000

Crude birth rate = 23 per 1,000

Life expectancy = 72.2 years

Can the lower crude mortality rate in Malaysia be explained by the fact that the US has a larger population? What factors could explain differences in birth rates and life expectancy?

3.      Which of these is an example of a ratio:

    Number of men who died from heart disease in a given year divided by the corresponding male population in the same year.

    Number of men who died from heart disease divided by the number of women who died from heart disease.

    Number of women taking an epidemiology class divided by the number of students in the class.

4.      How does prevalence proportion differ from incidence?

5.      What is the death-to-case ratio and how is it different from the case-fatality rate?

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