t has been suggested that independence of auditors is compromised through the business risk audit…

t has been suggested that independence of auditors is compromised through the business risk audit approach.

Task
Prepare a report that:
a) Explains and evaluates the need for audit independence
b) Briefly describes the business risk audit approach
c) Evaluates the impact that this approach has on the independence of auditors.

Question 2 7%
Case
You are currently planning the audit of Wood Art Furniture Pty Ltd. You have calculated the following ratios in order to assist you in identifying potential audit risk areas:

Ratio
Unaudited 30/6/15
Audited 30/6/14
Industry average
Cost of goods sold/sales (%)
60
75
69.24
Operating expenses/sales (%)
12
14
14.81
Selling and Administrative expenses/sales (%)
3
5
4.90
Interest expense/sales (%)
7
1.5
5.23
Total cost/sales (%)
85
95.5
93.25
Profit/sales (%)
5
4.5
5.15
Inventory turnover (times per year)
1.96
1
2.15
Accounts receivable turnover (days)
75
95
75.00
Current assets/current liabilities
2
1.2
1.45
Receivables/current liabilities
.25
.25
0.40
Profit/capital (% per year)
13
11
18.19
Times dividend earned
1.6
2
1.80

In addition you have the following information:
Wood Art Furniture Pty Ltd is a large proprietary company involved in the manufacture and wholesale of high end wooden furniture such as expensive dining tables and chairs and desks. The company was growing well in previous years but growth appears to have stopped in 2014 but has picked up again in 2015.
Current year operating profit has increased by nearly 15% while sales have fallen slightly from last year’s levels.
A computerised wood cutting machine purchased in January 2014 was found to be defective and could not be made to work properly. A replacement machine was purchased from another supplier as Wood Art could not afford to be without a computerised cutting machine and no longer trusted the reliability of the original supplier’s machines. Wood Art are currently negotiating with the supplier of the first machine for a refund. The supplier does not want to give a refund, instead they want to replace the machine.
In order to finance both computerised machines Wood Art doubled its bank loan.
Industry average data was obtained from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, and is calculated using figures from all furniture manufacturing companies in Australia.
Your assistant has reviewed the data and made the following notes:
Cost of goods/sales, operating expenses/sales, and selling and admin expenses /sales have all fallen, indicating an improvement in management efficiency. In addition, these ratios are all lower than industry averages, indicating Wood Art Pty Ltd has good cost control measures in place.
The inventory turnover ratio has fallen, indicating that inventory is held for less time than prior years. This should lessen our concerns regarding obsolescence.
Debtors are now being collected 20 days (or 16%) faster than the prior year, reducing cash flow concerns and lessening pressure on the provision for doubtful debts.
Current assets to current liabilities has increased, indicating an improvement in Wood Art Pty Ltd’s liquidity position. In addition, this ratio is above industry average.
Required
a) Examine the ratios that your assistant has prepared and the validity of your assistant’s comments, and where appropriate provide an alternative interpretation and analysis.
b) Evaluate the implications of your analysis on the year-end audit testing.
Adapted from the Professional Year Programme of The Institute of Chartered Accountants in Australia – 2000 Accounting 2 Module

Question 3 6%

The following are misstatements that have occurred in Fresh Foods Co-operative, a retail and wholesale food business:
1. The incorrect price was used on sales invoices for billing shipments to customers because the wrong price was entered into the computer master file of prices.
2. A vendor’s invoice was paid twice for the same shipment. The second payment arose because the vendor sent a duplicate copy of the original 2 weeks after the payment was due.
3. A vendor was paid for the full amount on the invoice but the vendor then complained that the full payment was not received. The vendor then discovered that their billing department had added goods to the invoice after the original invoice was sent to Fresh Foods. Fresh Foods has no evidence that these goods were received.
4. During the physical count of inventory, one counter wrote down the wrong description of several products and miscounted the quantity.
5. A salesperson sold an entire carload of lamb at a price below cost because she did not know the cost of lamb had increased in the past week.
6. On the last day of the year, a truckload of beef was set aside for shipment but was not shipped. Because it was still on hand it was counted as part of the inventory. The shipping document was dated the last day of the year, so it was included as a current-year sale.
7. An accounts payable clerk processed payments to himself by adding a fictitious vendor address to the approved vendor master file

Required
a) For each misstatement, identify one or more types of controls that were absent.
b) For each misstatement, identify the transaction- related audit objectives that have not been met.
c) For each misstatement, suggest a control to correct the deficiency.

Rationale
This assessment has been designed to assess your ability to:

• be able to demonstrate risk management methodologies and the role of internal controls in an
• audit context;
• be able to design an audit plan and select and apply appropriate audit procedures for a financial
• statement audit;
• be able to explain and critically evaluate influences on audit and assurance services including: Australian and international professional standards, statutory and common laws, regulatory bodies, and public expectations within a global market;
• be able to exercise critical and reflective judgment

3) financial aspect….
). Pacific Brands has come a long way from manufacturing Dunlop bicycle tyres in 1893. Today, Pacific Brands is famous for marketing iconic brands including Bonds, Sheridan, Tontine, Berlei, Jockey, Voodoo and Dunlop Flooring. Headquartered in Melbourne Australia, Pacific Brands operates throughout Australia, New Zealand, China, Indonesia, and the United Kingdom.

Being part of the treasury team of Pacific Brands, your first exercise is to categorize Pacific Brands capital structure into debt and equity capital. Begin by going to http://www.pacificbrands.com.au/investor-relations/results-and-reports/results-and-reports-2014/ to obtain Pacific Brands 2014 Annual Report and Result Presentation.

If Pacific Bands marginal tax rate is 30%, what is its after tax Weighted Average Cost of Capital? Assuming Pacific Brand’s credit rating is AAA, what alternative capital structure would you recommend to lower the cost of capital to the company?

Show all your calculation and limit your report to 1,000 words. (15%).

Guidelines:
You are to calculate cost of debt and cost of equity to work out Weighted Average Cost of Capital.
To lower the cost of capital of the company, you could suggest an alternative debt and equity capital mix taking into account the company is AAA rated.
B) Financial management provides a framework for pursuing synergy between the functional responsibilities and financial resources of the business organisation. Contemporary organisations integrate strategic decision models capable of maximizing wealth generation. By reading an annual report of any one listed company, write any essay how you think the organisation is working towards this goal of maximizing wealth. Limit your essay between 1,000 to 1,500 words. (5%).
Rationale
This will provide an opportunity to apply the concepts in an authentic scenario that you may encounter in the workplace and also:
• be able to evaluate and explain the congruence of accounting, finance and treasury functions;
• be able to explain and critique the objectives of financial management in contemporary organisations.
3) statically aspects —
Your task is to research all you can discover about the distribution of income in Australia. Select those aspects which your group finds interesting and collate a group written (in WORD) presentation to be handed in. In addition, a brief classroom Power Point demonstration by each group is required. These presentations will be arranged by your lecturer to span a number of weeks.
You must include in your answer a discussion about what kind of business decisions could use this information.
demonstrate problem solving skills in assessing, organising and summarising and interpreting relevant data for decision making
apply decision theory to business situations

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